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Correction published on 27 November 2012, see Energies 2012, 5(12), 5053-5054.

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2012, 5(9), 3279-3294;

More Wind Power Integration with Adjusted Energy Carriers for Space Heating in Northern China

Postdoctoral Workstation of the Chongqing Electric Power Corporation, Chongqing 400015, China
Chongqing Electric Power Corporation, Chongqing 400014, China
Chongqing Electric Power Research Institute, Chongqing 401123, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 April 2012 / Revised: 10 August 2012 / Accepted: 20 August 2012 / Published: 31 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbines)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [748 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  


In Northern China, due to the high penetration of coal-fired cogeneration facilities, which are generally equipped with extraction-condensing steam turbines, lots of wind power resources may be wasted during the heating season. In contrast, considerable coal is consumed in the power generation sector. In this article, firstly it is revealed that there exists a serious divergence in the ratio of electrical to thermal energy between end users’ demand and the cogenerations’ production during off-peak load at night, which may negate active power-balancing of the electric power grid. Secondly, with respect to this divergence only occurring during off-peak load at night, a temporary proposal is given so as to enable the integration of more wind power. The authors suggest that if the energy carrier for part of the end users’ space heating is switched from heating water to electricity (e.g., electric heat pumps (EHPs) can provide space heating in the domestic sector), the ratio of electricity to heating water load should be adjusted to optimize the power dispatch between cogeneration units and wind turbines, resulting in fuel conservation. With this proposal, existing infrastructures are made full use of, and no additional ones are required. Finally a numerical simulation is performed in order to illustrate both the technical and economic feasibility of the aforementioned proposal, under ongoing infrastructures as well as electricity and space heating tariff conditions without changing participants’ benefits. The authors aim to persuade Chinese policy makers to enable EHPs to provide space heating to enable the integration of more wind power. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric heat pumps (EHPs); electric heating; coal-fired cogeneration; energy carriers; wind power integration electric heat pumps (EHPs); electric heating; coal-fired cogeneration; energy carriers; wind power integration

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material

  • Correction

    A correction has been published 27 November 2012: (PDF, 105 KB)

    In the original version of the article published in Energies [1], insufficient acknowledgement was given for the contributors Mr. Li Guo and Prof. Kai Wu in Xi’an Jiaotong University. The main work was completed by the research group in Xi’an Jiaotong University led by Prof. Kai Wu. Mr. Li Guo was his master student who gave a lot of efforts in the measurement of daily loads of heating and electricity in different families, and his data was used in Section 2.1. Prof. Kai Wu was involved in the whole work; he put forward the basic idea, made the research plan and participated in the detailed discussion about the algorithm for calculation. [...]


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Long, H.; Xu, K.; Xu, R.; He, J. More Wind Power Integration with Adjusted Energy Carriers for Space Heating in Northern China. Energies 2012, 5, 3279-3294.

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