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Energies 2012, 5(9), 3425-3449; doi:10.3390/en5093425

Wind Turbine Blade Design

Faculty of Engineering, Division of Materials, Mechanics and Structures, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 April 2012 / Revised: 21 June 2012 / Accepted: 30 August 2012 / Published: 6 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Turbines)
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A detailed review of the current state-of-art for wind turbine blade design is presented, including theoretical maximum efficiency, propulsion, practical efficiency, HAWT blade design, and blade loads. The review provides a complete picture of wind turbine blade design and shows the dominance of modern turbines almost exclusive use of horizontal axis rotors. The aerodynamic design principles for a modern wind turbine blade are detailed, including blade plan shape/quantity, aerofoil selection and optimal attack angles. A detailed review of design loads on wind turbine blades is offered, describing aerodynamic, gravitational, centrifugal, gyroscopic and operational conditions.
Keywords: wind turbine; blade design; Betz limit; blade loads; aerodynamic wind turbine; blade design; Betz limit; blade loads; aerodynamic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schubel, P.J.; Crossley, R.J. Wind Turbine Blade Design. Energies 2012, 5, 3425-3449.

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