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Energies 2011, 4(3), 389-434; doi:10.3390/en4030389

Fluidized Bed Gasification as a Mature And Reliable Technology for the Production of Bio-Syngas and Applied in the Production of Liquid Transportation Fuels—A Review

Energy Technology Section, Process & Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628CA Delft, The Netherlands
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Received: 10 November 2010 / Revised: 19 January 2011 / Accepted: 20 January 2011 / Published: 1 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy-Friendly Transportation)
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Abstract

Biomass is one of the renewable and potentially sustainable energy sources and has many possible applications varying from heat generation to the production of advanced secondary energy carriers. The latter option would allow mobile services like the transportation sector to reduce its dependency on the fossil fuel supply. This article reviews the state-of-the-art of the fluidization technology applied for the gasification of biomass aimed at the production of gas for subsequent synthesis of the liquid energy carriers via, e.g., the Fischer-Tropsch process. It discusses the advantages of the gasification technology over combustion, considers the size of the conversion plant in view of the local biomass availability, assesses the pros and cons of different gasifier types in view of the application of the product gas. Subsequently the article focuses on the fluidized bed technology to discuss the main process parameters and their influence on the product composition and the operability of the gasifier. Finally a synthesis process (FT) is introduced shortly to illustrate the necessary gas cleaning steps in view of the purity requirements for the FT feed gas.
Keywords: biomass; gasification; fluidized bed; BTL; transportation fuels biomass; gasification; fluidized bed; BTL; transportation fuels
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Siedlecki, M.; De Jong, W.; Verkooijen, A.H. Fluidized Bed Gasification as a Mature And Reliable Technology for the Production of Bio-Syngas and Applied in the Production of Liquid Transportation Fuels—A Review. Energies 2011, 4, 389-434.

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