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Energies 2011, 4(1), 185-214; doi:10.3390/en4010185

Recent Progress in Metal Borohydrides for Hydrogen Storage

1
Institute for Materials Research (IMR), Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan
2
Department of the Environment, Energy and Mobility (EMPA), Abt. 138 “Hydrogen & Energy”, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
3
Department of Chemistry, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2010 / Revised: 22 December 2010 / Accepted: 17 January 2011 / Published: 24 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Storage)
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Abstract

The prerequisite for widespread use of hydrogen as an energy carrier is the development of new materials that can safely store it at high gravimetric and volumetric densities. Metal borohydrides M(BH4)n (n is the valence of metal M), in particular, have high hydrogen density, and are therefore regarded as one such potential hydrogen storage material. For fuel cell vehicles, the goal for on-board storage systems is to achieve reversible store at high density but moderate temperature and hydrogen pressure. To this end, a large amount of effort has been devoted to improvements in their thermodynamic and kinetic aspects. This review provides an overview of recent research activity on various M(BH4)n, with a focus on the fundamental dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation properties and on providing guidance for material design in terms of tailoring thermodynamics and promoting kinetics for hydrogen storage.
Keywords: hydrogen; hydride; borohydride; hydrogen storage hydrogen; hydride; borohydride; hydrogen storage
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, H.-W.; Yan, Y.; Orimo, S.-I.; Züttel, A.; Jensen, C.M. Recent Progress in Metal Borohydrides for Hydrogen Storage. Energies 2011, 4, 185-214.

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