Energies 2010, 3(8), 1423-1442; doi:10.3390/en3081423
Review

Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy

1,* email, 2,3email and 4email
Received: 22 June 2010; Accepted: 2 August 2010 / Published: 3 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geothermal Power)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The paper provides a critical overview of water desalination using geothermal resources. Specific case studies are presented, as well as an assessment of environmental risks and market potential and barriers to growth. The availability and suitability of low and high temperature geothermal energy in comparison to other renewable energy resources for desalination is also discussed. Analysis will show, for example, that the use of geothermal energy for thermal desalination can be justified only in the presence of cheap geothermal reservoirs or in decentralized applications focusing on small-scale water supplies in coastal regions, provided that society is able and willing to pay for desalting.
Keywords: water desalination; geothermal energy; renewable energy; case studies; environmental risks; market potentials; barriers to growth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goosen, M.; Mahmoudi, H.; Ghaffour, N. Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy. Energies 2010, 3, 1423-1442.

AMA Style

Goosen M, Mahmoudi H, Ghaffour N. Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy. Energies. 2010; 3(8):1423-1442.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goosen, Mattheus; Mahmoudi, Hacene; Ghaffour, Noreddine. 2010. "Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy." Energies 3, no. 8: 1423-1442.

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