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Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy
Office of Research and Graduate Studies, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, KSA, Saudi Arabia
Laboratory of Water and Environment, Hassiba Ben Bouali University, Chlef, Algeria
Wind energy division, Renewable energy development centre, CDER, Bouzareah, Algeria
Water Desalination & Reuse Centre, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, KSA, Saudi Arabia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 June 2010; Accepted: 2 August 2010 / Published: 3 August 2010
Abstract: The paper provides a critical overview of water desalination using geothermal resources. Specific case studies are presented, as well as an assessment of environmental risks and market potential and barriers to growth. The availability and suitability of low and high temperature geothermal energy in comparison to other renewable energy resources for desalination is also discussed. Analysis will show, for example, that the use of geothermal energy for thermal desalination can be justified only in the presence of cheap geothermal reservoirs or in decentralized applications focusing on small-scale water supplies in coastal regions, provided that society is able and willing to pay for desalting.
Keywords: water desalination; geothermal energy; renewable energy; case studies; environmental risks; market potentials; barriers to growth
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MDPI and ACS Style
Goosen, M.; Mahmoudi, H.; Ghaffour, N. Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy. Energies 2010, 3, 1423-1442.
Goosen M, Mahmoudi H, Ghaffour N. Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy. Energies. 2010; 3(8):1423-1442.
Goosen, Mattheus; Mahmoudi, Hacene; Ghaffour, Noreddine. 2010. "Water Desalination Using Geothermal Energy." Energies 3, no. 8: 1423-1442.