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Energies 2010, 3(6), 1320-1334; doi:10.3390/en3061320
Review

A Review on Concepts, Applications, and Models of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Received: 6 May 2010; Accepted: 13 June 2010 / Published: 22 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geothermal Power)
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Abstract: Being a heat source or sink, aquifers have been used to store large quantities of thermal energy to match cooling and heating supply and demand on both a short-term and long-term basis. The current technical, economic, and environmental status of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is promising. General information on the basic operation principles, design, and construction of ATES systems is discussed in this paper. Numerous projects in operation around the world are summarized to illustrate the present status of ATES. Hydrogeological-thermal simulation has become an integral part of predicting ATES system performance. Numerical models which are available to simulate an ATES system by modeling mass and heat transport in the aquifer have been summarized. This paper also presents an example of numerical simulation and thermohydraulic evaluation of a two-well, ATES system operating under a continuous flow regime.
Keywords: aquifer; thermal energy storage; hydrogeological-thermal simulation; groundwater flow aquifer; thermal energy storage; hydrogeological-thermal simulation; groundwater flow
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, K.S. A Review on Concepts, Applications, and Models of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems. Energies 2010, 3, 1320-1334.

AMA Style

Lee KS. A Review on Concepts, Applications, and Models of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems. Energies. 2010; 3(6):1320-1334.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Kun Sang. 2010. "A Review on Concepts, Applications, and Models of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems." Energies 3, no. 6: 1320-1334.


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