Next Article in Journal
Energies—A Trans-Disciplinary Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Recent Advances in Direct Coal Liquefaction
Previous Article in Journal
Development of an Inclined Plate Extractor-Separator for Immiscible Liquids
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Economics of Gasification: A Market-Based Approach
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2009, 2(4), 976-1006; doi:10.3390/en20400976

Reaction Engineering of Direct Coal Liquefaction

Mega-Carbon Company, 5N553 Jens Jensen Lane, St. Charles, IL 60175, USA
Received: 14 October 2009 / Accepted: 23 October 2009 / Published: 29 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coal Gasification and Liquefaction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1577 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

Direct coal liquefaction has been studied and practiced since the 1930s. It was used in Germany during World War II to produce synthetic fuels when there was no oil allowed into the country. Since then, it has been studied in the United States and many different technologies have been investigated. Since the US is rich in coal resources, this is one way to be energy independent. Most of the development activity occurred in the 1980s and numerous technologies were studied, the most notable of these being H-Coal, Exxon Donor Solvent, Solvent Refined Coal, and Two Stage Liquefaction. The key elements of these technologies, particularly the reaction/reactor scheme, are discussed in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: coal; liquefaction; reactors; kinetics; catalysis; deactivation; reaction engineering coal; liquefaction; reactors; kinetics; catalysis; deactivation; reaction engineering
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Robinson, K.K. Reaction Engineering of Direct Coal Liquefaction. Energies 2009, 2, 976-1006.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top