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Energies 2018, 11(3), 575; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030575

Evaluation of Excess Heat Utilization in District Heating Systems by Implementing Levelized Cost of Excess Heat

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Department of Energy, Power and Environmental Engineering, University of Zagreb, Ivana Lučića 5, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
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Received: 16 February 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
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Abstract

District heating plays a key role in achieving high primary energy savings and the reduction of the overall environmental impact of the energy sector. This was recently recognized by the European Commission, which emphasizes the importance of these systems, especially when integrated with renewable energy sources, like solar, biomass, geothermal, etc. On the other hand, high amounts of heat are currently being wasted in the industry sector, which causes low energy efficiency of these processes. This excess heat can be utilized and transported to the final customer by a distribution network. The main goal of this research was to calculate the potential for excess heat utilization in district heating systems by implementing the levelized cost of excess heat method. Additionally, this paper proves the economic and environmental benefits of switching from individual heating solutions to a district heating system. This was done by using the QGIS software. The variation of different relevant parameters was taken into account in the sensitivity analysis. Therefore, the final result was the determination of the maximum potential distance of the excess heat source from the demand, for different available heat supplies, costs of pipes, and excess heat prices. View Full-Text
Keywords: excess heat; levelized cost of excess heat; district heating; CO2 emissions; heat demand mapping excess heat; levelized cost of excess heat; district heating; CO2 emissions; heat demand mapping
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Doračić, B.; Novosel, T.; Pukšec, T.; Duić, N. Evaluation of Excess Heat Utilization in District Heating Systems by Implementing Levelized Cost of Excess Heat. Energies 2018, 11, 575.

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