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Energies 2018, 11(3), 601; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030601

Co-Combustion of Low-Rank Coal with Woody Biomass and Miscanthus: An Experimental Study

1
Department for Strategic Development, JP Elektroprivreda BiH d.d.-Sarajevo—Power utility, Vilsonovo setaliste 15, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Vilsonovo setaliste 9, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
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Abstract

This paper presents a research on ash-related problems and emissions during co-firing low-rank Bosnian coals with different kinds of biomass; in this case woody sawdust and herbaceous energy crops Miscanthus. An entrained-flow drop tube furnace was used for the tests, varying fuel portions at a high co-firing ratio up to 30%wt woody sawdust and 10%wt Miscanthus in a fuel blend. The tests were supposed to optimize the process temperature, air distribution (including OFA) and fuel distributions (reburning) as function of SO2 and NOx emissions as well as efficiency of combustion process estimated through the ash deposits behaviors, CO emissions and unburnt. The results for 12 co-firing fuel combinations impose a reasonable expectation that the coal/biomass/Miscanthus blends could be successfully run under certain conditions not producing any serious ash-related problems. SO2 emissions were slightly higher when higher content of woody biomass was used. Oppositely, higher Miscanthus percentage in the fuel mix slightly decreases SO2 emissions. NOx emissions generally decrease with an increase of biomass co-firing rate. The study suggests that co-firing Bosnian coals with woody sawdust and Miscanthus shows promise at higher co-firing ratios for pulverized combustion, giving some directions for further works in co-firing similar multi-fuel combinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-firing; coal; biomass; woody sawdust; Miscanthus co-firing; coal; biomass; woody sawdust; Miscanthus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kazagic, A.; Hodzic, N.; Metovic, S. Co-Combustion of Low-Rank Coal with Woody Biomass and Miscanthus: An Experimental Study. Energies 2018, 11, 601.

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