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Energies 2018, 11(3), 523; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030523

Electronic Properties of Typical Molecules and the Discharge Mechanism of Vegetable and Mineral Insulating Oils

State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
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Received: 25 January 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2018 / Accepted: 24 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Dielectric Liquid Applications)
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Abstract

Vegetable insulating oil may replace the mineral insulating oil used in large power transformers due to its extraordinary biodegradability and fire resistance. According to component analysis, 1-methylnaphthalene and eicosane are considered the typical molecules in mineral oil. Triolein and tristearin are considered the typical molecules in vegetable oil. The ionization potential (IP) and the variation of highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of typical molecules under an external electric field are calculated using quantum chemistry methods. The calculation results show that the IP of the triolein molecule is comparable to that of the 1-methylnaphthalene molecule. The mechanisms of losing electrons are discussed, based on the analysis of HOMO composition. The insulation characteristics of the triolein and tristearin are more likely to be degraded under an external electric field than those of 1-methylnaphthalene and eicosane. Due to the fact that the number density of low IP molecules groups in vegetable oil is much greater than that in mineral oil, the polarity effect in vegetable oil is more obvious than that in mineral oil. This eventually leads to different streamer characteristics in vegetable oil and mineral oil under positive polarity and negative polarity. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetable oil; mineral oil; electronic property; streamer; space charge; density functional theory vegetable oil; mineral oil; electronic property; streamer; space charge; density functional theory
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Wang, Y.; Wang, F.; Li, J.; Liang, S.; Zhou, J. Electronic Properties of Typical Molecules and the Discharge Mechanism of Vegetable and Mineral Insulating Oils. Energies 2018, 11, 523.

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