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Energies 2018, 11(3), 517; doi:10.3390/en11030517

Modeling the Insulation Paper Drying Process from Thermogravimetric Analyses

Research Chair on the Aging of Power Network Infrastructure (ViAHT), Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC G7H 2B1, Canada
Département Génie Électrique et Électronique, Institut National Polytechnique Houphouët Boigny, BP 1093 Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 20 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 28 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineering Dielectric Liquid Applications)
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It is now well-established that moisture in the oil paper insulation used in power and instrument transformers significantly reduces the transformers’ lifetimes, and can eventually lead to premature failure. This moisture should, therefore, always be removed, not only during production but also after repairs. At the final stage of manufacturing, the drying process should be carried out to remove water and air vacuoles contained in the cellulose-based paper before impregnation. Successful drying helps increase the residual life of transformers, because the presence of moisture and air vacuoles accelerates the aging/degradation process of the oil paper insulation. Proper estimation of residual moisture before impregnation and the determination of the time required for drying play key roles in the time-consuming process of drying. In this paper, the disadvantages of inadequate drying are addressed, followed by a mathematical approach to model the paper drying process. A mathematical model describing the kinetics of drying according to temperature, initial moisture, paper weight, final moisture, and extraction rate is proposed. This model also estimated the amount of moisture removed at the end of the drying process. View Full-Text
Keywords: power transformers; dielectric dissipation factor; oil impregnated paper insulation; moisture; drying process; drying curves; diffusion coefficient; heating process power transformers; dielectric dissipation factor; oil impregnated paper insulation; moisture; drying process; drying curves; diffusion coefficient; heating process

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Betie, A.; Meghnefi, F.; Fofana, I.; Yeo, Z. Modeling the Insulation Paper Drying Process from Thermogravimetric Analyses. Energies 2018, 11, 517.

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