Next Article in Journal
Performance Analysis of Conjugate Gradient Algorithms Applied to the Neuro-Fuzzy Feedback Linearization-Based Adaptive Control Paradigm for Multiple HVDC Links in AC/DC Power System
Next Article in Special Issue
A Stochastic Programming Approach for the Planning and Operation of a Power to Gas Energy Hub with Multiple Energy Recovery Pathways
Previous Article in Journal
Economic Analysis of a Photovoltaic System: A Resource for Residential Households
Previous Article in Special Issue
DC Thermal Plasma Design and Utilization for the Low Density Polyethylene to Diesel Oil Pyrolysis Reaction
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(6), 817; doi:10.3390/en10060817

Overview of Real-Time Simulation as a Supporting Effort to Smart-Grid Attainment

Tecnológico de Monterrey, Calle del Puente 222, Tlalpan 14380, Mexico
School of Electrical Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-5706, Arizona
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 16 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Production Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [916 KB, uploaded 16 June 2017]   |  


The smart-grid approach undergoes many difficulties regarding the strategy that will enable its actual implementation. In this paper, an overview of real-time simulation technologies and their applicability to the smart-grid approach are presented as enabling steps toward the smart-grid’s actual implementation. The objective of this work is to contribute with an introductory text for interested readers of real-time systems in the context of modern electric needs and trends. In addition, a comprehensive review of current applications of real-time simulation in electric systems is provided, together with the basis to understand real-time simulation and the topologies and hardware used to implement it. Furthermore, an overview of the evolution of real-time simulators in the industrial and academic background and its current challenges are introduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: real-time simulation; smart-grid; electric systems; grid modernization; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL); power-HIL (P-HIL) real-time simulation; smart-grid; electric systems; grid modernization; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL); power-HIL (P-HIL)

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ibarra, L.; Rosales, A.; Ponce, P.; Molina, A.; Ayyanar, R. Overview of Real-Time Simulation as a Supporting Effort to Smart-Grid Attainment. Energies 2017, 10, 817.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top