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Energies 2017, 10(6), 817; doi:10.3390/en10060817

Overview of Real-Time Simulation as a Supporting Effort to Smart-Grid Attainment

1
Tecnológico de Monterrey, Calle del Puente 222, Tlalpan 14380, Mexico
2
School of Electrical Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-5706, Arizona
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 16 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Production Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [916 KB, uploaded 16 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

The smart-grid approach undergoes many difficulties regarding the strategy that will enable its actual implementation. In this paper, an overview of real-time simulation technologies and their applicability to the smart-grid approach are presented as enabling steps toward the smart-grid’s actual implementation. The objective of this work is to contribute with an introductory text for interested readers of real-time systems in the context of modern electric needs and trends. In addition, a comprehensive review of current applications of real-time simulation in electric systems is provided, together with the basis to understand real-time simulation and the topologies and hardware used to implement it. Furthermore, an overview of the evolution of real-time simulators in the industrial and academic background and its current challenges are introduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: real-time simulation; smart-grid; electric systems; grid modernization; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL); power-HIL (P-HIL) real-time simulation; smart-grid; electric systems; grid modernization; hardware-in-the-loop (HIL); power-HIL (P-HIL)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ibarra, L.; Rosales, A.; Ponce, P.; Molina, A.; Ayyanar, R. Overview of Real-Time Simulation as a Supporting Effort to Smart-Grid Attainment. Energies 2017, 10, 817.

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