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Energies 2017, 10(3), 406; doi:10.3390/en10030406

Research on Unstructured Text Data Mining and Fault Classification Based on RNN-LSTM with Malfunction Inspection Report

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2
School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, University of NSW, Sydney 2052, Australia
3
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2016 / Revised: 10 February 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
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Abstract

This paper documents the condition-based maintenance (CBM) of power transformers, the analysis of which relies on two basic data groups: structured (e.g., numeric and categorical) and unstructured (e.g., natural language text narratives) which accounts for 80% of data required. However, unstructured data comprised of malfunction inspection reports, as recorded by operation and maintenance of the power grid, constitutes an abundant untapped source of power insights. This paper proposes a method for malfunction inspection report processing by deep learning, which combines the text data mining–oriented recurrent neural networks (RNN) with long short-term memory (LSTM). In this paper, the effectiveness of the RNN-LSTM network for modeling inspection data is established with a straightforward training strategy in which we replicate targets at each sequence step. Then, the corresponding fault labels are given in datasets, in order to calculate the accuracy of fault classification by comparison with the original data labels and output samples. Experimental results can reflect how key parameters may be selected in the configuration of the key variables to achieve optimal results. The accuracy of the fault recognition demonstrates that the method we proposed can provide a more effective way for grid inspection personnel to deal with unstructured data. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep learning; recurrent neural network (RNN); natural language processing (NLP); long short-term memory (LSTM); unstructured data; malfunction inspection report deep learning; recurrent neural network (RNN); natural language processing (NLP); long short-term memory (LSTM); unstructured data; malfunction inspection report
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wei, D.; Wang, B.; Lin, G.; Liu, D.; Dong, Z.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y. Research on Unstructured Text Data Mining and Fault Classification Based on RNN-LSTM with Malfunction Inspection Report. Energies 2017, 10, 406.

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