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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2110; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10122110

Utilization of Microalgal Biofractions for Bioethanol, Higher Alcohols, and Biodiesel Production: A Review

1
Department of Earth Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
2
Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, New Valley Branch, El-Kharga 72511, Egypt
3
Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon-si 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 7 December 2017 / Accepted: 8 December 2017 / Published: 12 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

Biomass is a crucial energy resource used for the generation of electricity and transportation fuels. Microalgae exhibit a high content of biocomponents which makes them a potential feedstock for the generation of ecofriendly biofuels. Biofuels derived from microalgae are suitable carbon-neutral replacements for petroleum. Fermentation is the major process for metabolic conversion of microalgal biocompounds into biofuels such as bioethanol and higher alcohols. In this review, we explored the use of all three major biocomponents of microalgal biomass including carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids for maximum biofuel generation. Application of several pretreatment methods for enhancement the bioavailability of substrates (simple sugar, amino acid, and fatty acid) was discussed. This review goes one step further to discuss how to direct these biocomponents for the generation of various biofuels (bioethanol, higher alcohol, and biodiesel) through fermentation and transesterification processes. Such an approach would result in the maximum utilization of biomasses for economically feasible biofuel production. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; pretreatment; fermentation; bioethanol; biobutanol; biodiesel microalgae; pretreatment; fermentation; bioethanol; biobutanol; biodiesel
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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El-Dalatony, M.M.; Salama, E.-S.; Kurade, M.B.; Hassan, S.H.A.; Oh, S.-E.; Kim, S.; Jeon, B.-H. Utilization of Microalgal Biofractions for Bioethanol, Higher Alcohols, and Biodiesel Production: A Review. Energies 2017, 10, 2110.

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