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Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival
Department of Community Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
HIV/AIDS/SIT/and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Medunsa Campus, Pretoria 0204, South Africa
Health Promotion Region 10, Ministry of Public Health, Chiang Mai 5000, Thailand
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2012; in revised form: 20 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 10 September 2012
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess helmet use and associated factors among motorcycle riders during Songkran festival in Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of helmet use among Thai motorcycle riders (sample size = 18,998) during four days of the Songkran festival. For this sample, the population of motorcycle riders was consecutively selected using quota sampling from 12 petrol stations in four provinces from each of the four main geographical regions of Thailand. The study was conducted at petrol stations at roads in town, outside town and highway at different time intervals when trained field staff administered a structured questionnaire and performed an observation checklist. Results indicate that 44.2% of the motorcycle riders and 72.5% of the motorcycle passengers had not been using a helmet. In multivariable analysis demographics, environmental factors, helmet use experiences and attitudes and recalling a lower exposure to road safety awareness (RSA) campaign were associated with non-helmet use among motorcyclists. It appears that the RSA campaign may have some positive effect on reducing non-helmet use among motorcycle riders during the Songkran festival.
Keywords: helmet use; motorcyclists; road safety awareness campaign; Thailand
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Siviroj, P.; Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S.; Morarit, S. Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3286-3297.
Siviroj P, Peltzer K, Pengpid S, Morarit S. Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(9):3286-3297.
Siviroj, Penprapa; Peltzer, Karl; Pengpid, Supa; Morarit, Sompong. 2012. "Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 9: 3286-3297.