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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(10), 3575-3587; doi:10.3390/ijerph9103575
Article

Fruits and Vegetables Consumption and Associated Factors among In-School Adolescents in Five Southeast Asian Countries

1,2,*  and 3
1 HIV/STI and TB (HAST) Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0002, South Africa 2 Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloof Campus, Sovenga, Limpopo 0727, South Africa 3 Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Ga-Rankuwa Campus, Medunsa, Pretoria, 0204, South Africa
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2012 / Revised: 17 September 2012 / Accepted: 8 October 2012 / Published: 11 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of fruits and vegetable consumption and associated factors among Southeast Asian in-school adolescents. Data were collected by self-report questionnaire from nationally representative samples (total 16,084) of school children aged 13 to 15 years in five Southeast Asian countries. Overall, 76.3% of the 13 to 15 year-olds had inadequate fruits and vegetables consumptions (less than five servings per day); 28% reported consuming fruits less than once per day and 13.8% indicated consuming vegetables less than once per day. In multivariable analysis, lack of protective factors and being physically inactive were associated with inadequate fruits and vegetable consumption, and sedentary behaviour and being overweight was protective of inadequate fruits and vegetable consumption. The results stress the need for intervention programmes aimed at increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, targeting proximal factors such as the family environment and distal factors by aiming at integrating other risk factors such as physical activity into health promotion among adolescents.
Keywords: fruits; vegetables; adolescents; psychosocial correlates; health-compromising behaviours; Southeast Asian countries fruits; vegetables; adolescents; psychosocial correlates; health-compromising behaviours; Southeast Asian countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S. Fruits and Vegetables Consumption and Associated Factors among In-School Adolescents in Five Southeast Asian Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3575-3587.

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