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Adolescents’ Daily Activities and the Restorative Niches that Support Them
School of the Built Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, UK
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Received: 25 June 2012; in revised form: 14 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 August 2012 / Published: 5 September 2012
Abstract: This paper explores wellbeing from the perspective of the psychological dynamics underlying adolescents’ relationship with place. It uses a dynamic model of wellbeing called personal project analysis (PPA) which captures the concept of ‘flourishing’, defined as functioning well in your activities, strivings and interactions with the world . Using PPA methods we identified adolescents’ daily activities and the ‘restorative niches’ that best support them. A series of settings (including home, urban and natural outdoor places) were explored using PPA with 45 young people (aged 11–13) living in Edinburgh, Central Scotland. Participants were asked to think of eight projects of current importance to them, to say where the project took place and to rate each project against a series of core wellbeing dimensions measuring project meaning, manageability, support and affect (how much fun, stress etc.). Latent class analysis was carried out to explore clusters—or sub-groups—in the data and to identify the significant discriminators between clusters. A three-cluster model produced the best fit with project type, project place and wellbeing indicators (fun and stress) significantly discriminating between the three clusters. The three clusters were labeled by their dominant environmental context, ‘faraway’ (e.g., beach, national parks, hills), ‘everyday’ (e.g., home, school, local streets) and ‘citywide’ (e.g., sport settings, urban town context). ‘Faraway’ and ‘citywide’ clusters had a significantly higher wellbeing content, especially for fun and stress; the ‘everyday’ cluster indicated local environs remain a dominant project place for this age group, but are associated with greater stress. We compare findings with adults and suggest that outdoor settings further afield from home have greater significance within adolescent project systems, but that support is needed to facilitate access to these places.
Keywords: adolescent; personal project; wellbeing; flourishing; restorative niche; place
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Roe, J.J.; Aspinall, P.A. Adolescents’ Daily Activities and the Restorative Niches that Support Them. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3227-3244.
Roe JJ, Aspinall PA. Adolescents’ Daily Activities and the Restorative Niches that Support Them. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(9):3227-3244.
Roe, Jenny J.; Aspinall, Peter A. 2012. "Adolescents’ Daily Activities and the Restorative Niches that Support Them." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 9: 3227-3244.