Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(9), 3245-3257; doi:10.3390/ijerph9093245
Article

Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Tuberculosis Public Primary Care Patients in South Africa

1 HIV/STI and TB (HAST) Research Programme, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town 8000, South Africa 2 Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloop 06854, South Africa 3 Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town 8000, South Africa 4 Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town 8000, South Africa
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2012; in revised form: 14 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 5 September 2012
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of hazardous and harmful alcohol use and associated factors among patients with tuberculosis in South Africa. In a cross-sectional survey new tuberculosis (TB) and TB retreatment patients were consecutively screened using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) within one month of anti-tuberculosis treatment. The sample included 4,900 (54.5% men and women 45.5%) tuberculosis patients from 42 primary care clinics in three districts. Results indicate that, overall 23.2% of the patients were hazardous or harmful alcohol drinkers, 31.8% of men and 13.0% of women were found to be hazardous drinkers, and 9.3% of men and 3.4% of women meet criteria for probable alcohol dependence (harmful drinking) as defined by the AUDIT. Men had significantly higher AUDIT scores than women. In multivariable analyses it was found that among men poor perceived health status, tobacco use, psychological distress, being a TB retreatment patient and not being on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and among women lower education, tobacco use and being a TB retreatment patient were associated with hazardous or harmful alcohol use. The study found a high prevalence of hazardous or harmful alcohol use among tuberculosis primary care patients. This calls for screening and brief intervention and a comprehensive alcohol treatment programme as a key component of TB management in South Africa.
Keywords: alcohol misuse; tobacco use; associated factors; tuberculosis patients; public primary care; South Africa

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MDPI and ACS Style

Peltzer, K.; Louw, J.; Mchunu, G.; Naidoo, P.; Matseke, G.; Tutshana, B. Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Tuberculosis Public Primary Care Patients in South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3245-3257.

AMA Style

Peltzer K, Louw J, Mchunu G, Naidoo P, Matseke G, Tutshana B. Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Tuberculosis Public Primary Care Patients in South Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(9):3245-3257.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peltzer, Karl; Louw, Julia; Mchunu, Gugu; Naidoo, Pamela; Matseke, Gladys; Tutshana, Bomkazi. 2012. "Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Tuberculosis Public Primary Care Patients in South Africa." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 9: 3245-3257.

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