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Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil
School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande, 96201-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
School of Chemistry and Food, Oil Refinery Riograndense, 96202-900 Rio Grande, RS, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2012; in revised form: 9 June 2012 / Accepted: 27 June 2012 / Published: 3 July 2012
Abstract: The present study aimed to identify the perceptions of gas station workers about physical, chemical, biological and physiological risk factors to which they are exposed in their work environment; identify types of occupational accidents involving gas station workers and; report the development of a socioenvironmental intervention as a tool for risk communication to gas station workers. A quantitative study was performed with 221 gas station workers in southern Brazil between October and December 2010. Data collection was performed between October to December 2010 via structured interviews. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The participants identified the following risk types: chemical (93.7%), physical (88.2%), physiological (64.3%) and biological (62.4%). In this sample, 94.1% of gas station workers reported occupational accidents, and 74.2% reported fuel contact with the eyes (p < 0.05). It is concluded that workers perceive risks, and that they tend to relate risks with the occurrence of occupational accidents as an indicator of the dangerous nature of their work environment.
Keywords: risk perception; occupational accidents; gas station workers
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Cezar-Vaz, M.R.; Rocha, L.P.; Bonow, C.A.; da Silva, M.R.S.; Vaz, J.C.; Cardoso, L.S. Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2362-2377.
Cezar-Vaz MR, Rocha LP, Bonow CA, da Silva MRS, Vaz JC, Cardoso LS. Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(7):2362-2377.
Cezar-Vaz, Marta Regina; Rocha, Laurelize Pereira; Bonow, Clarice Alves; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos; Vaz, Joana Cezar; Cardoso, Letícia Silveira. 2012. "Risk Perception and Occupational Accidents: A Study of Gas Station Workers in Southern Brazil." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 7: 2362-2377.