Next Article in Journal
A Cluster Randomized Trial to Evaluate a Health Education Programme “Living with Sun at School”
Previous Article in Journal
Comment on the “Ground Water Chemistry Changes before Major Earthquakes and Possible Effects on Animals”, by R. A. Grant, T. Halliday, W. P. Balderer, F. Leuenberger, M. Newcomer, G. Cyr and F. T. Freund. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2011, 8, 1936–1956
Reply of Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(7), 2339-2342.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(7), 2343-2344; doi:10.3390/ijerph9072343
Reply

Reply to “Comment on the ‘Ground Water Chemistry Changes before Major Earthquakes and Possible Effects on Animals’, by R. A. Grant, T. Halliday, W. P. Balderer, F. Leuenberger, M. Newcomer, G. Cyr and F. T. Freund. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2011, 8, 1936–1956” from Friedemann Freund, Rachel Grant and Co-Authors

1,*  and 2
1 Ames Research Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Earth Science Division, Code SGE, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA 2 Department of Life Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, East Road, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 May 2012 / Accepted: 26 June 2012 / Published: 2 July 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [19 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
SciFeed
Note: In lieu of an abstract, this is an excerpt from the first page.

Excerpt

We fully agree with Dr. Vassiliki Katsika-Tsigourakou that there is more than one possible explanation for the wide range of electromagnetic (EM) field bioeffects reported in the literature. In order to generate EM fields electric currents need to flow that oscillate. Currents that flow through the ground also generate electrical potentials. Such potentials can lead to electrochemical reactions at ground-water interfaces such as the demonstrated oxidation of water to hydrogen peroxide [1]. EM emissions and electrochemical reactions are therefore manifestations of the same physical process in the natural environment. [...]
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
RIS
MDPI and ACS Style

Freund, F.; Grant, R.A. Reply to “Comment on the ‘Ground Water Chemistry Changes before Major Earthquakes and Possible Effects on Animals’, by R. A. Grant, T. Halliday, W. P. Balderer, F. Leuenberger, M. Newcomer, G. Cyr and F. T. Freund. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2011, 8, 1936–1956” from Friedemann Freund, Rachel Grant and Co-Authors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2343-2344.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert