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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(12), 4433-4451; doi:10.3390/ijerph9124433
Article

Contribution to Surface Water Contamination Understanding by Pesticides and Pharmaceuticals, at a Watershed Scale

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Received: 10 September 2012; in revised form: 12 November 2012 / Accepted: 19 November 2012 / Published: 4 December 2012
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Abstract: This study aims at understanding the presence of regulated and emerging micropollutants, particularly pesticides and pharmaceuticals, in surface water, regarding spatial and temporal influences at a watershed scale. The study of relations between micropollutants and other water quality and hydroclimatic parameters was carried out from a statistical analysis on historical and experimental data of different sampling sites from the main watershed of Brittany, western France. The outcomes point out the influence of urban and rural areas of the watershed as well as the impact of seasons on contamination variations. This work contributes to health risk assessment related to surface water contamination by micropollutants. This approach is particularly interesting in the case of agricultural watersheds such as the one studied, where more than 80% of surface water is used to produce drinking water.
Keywords: micropollutants; water quality; watershed; spatial variation; temporal variation micropollutants; water quality; watershed; spatial variation; temporal variation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Piel, S.; Baurès, E.; Thomas, O. Contribution to Surface Water Contamination Understanding by Pesticides and Pharmaceuticals, at a Watershed Scale. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 4433-4451.

AMA Style

Piel S, Baurès E, Thomas O. Contribution to Surface Water Contamination Understanding by Pesticides and Pharmaceuticals, at a Watershed Scale. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(12):4433-4451.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piel, Stéphanie; Baurès, Estelle; Thomas, Olivier. 2012. "Contribution to Surface Water Contamination Understanding by Pesticides and Pharmaceuticals, at a Watershed Scale." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 12: 4433-4451.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert