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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania
Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands
Division of Women and Children, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet and Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, 0027 Oslo, Norway
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, P.O. Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2012; in revised form: 27 August 2012 / Accepted: 7 September 2012 / Published: 5 October 2012
Abstract: The current study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for poor nutritional status among children less than 36 months of age in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania. Using a cross sectional study design, children and their caregivers were recruited into the study. Anthropometric measures were taken based on established protocol while a standard questionnaire was utilized to collect socio-demographic data. A finger-prick blood sample was collected from all the children and haemoglobin (Hb) concentration analyzed using a HemoCue photometer (HemoCue AB, Angelholm, Sweden). Four hundred and twenty three (423) children (214 females) took part in this study. Participating children were aged between 1–35 months (mean = 13.04, SD = 7.70). We observed high rates of stunting (44.2%) and underweight (19.1%). Nearly 70% (n = 295) of the sample was anaemic (Hb < 11 g/dL). In a multivariate logistic regression model concerns on child growth, maternal education, and child’s age were found to independently predict stunting; whereas concerns over child’s growth and development, and distance to water source were found to uniquely predict being underweight. Maternal education was the only factor related to the child’s anaemia. The current study further emphasizes the need to implement context relevant interventions to combat malnutrition in this region of Tanzania and other similar settings.
Keywords: Africa; anaemia; children; SES; stunting; Tanzania; underweight
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Abubakar, A.; Uriyo, J.; Msuya, S.E.; Swai, M.; Stray-Pedersen, B. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3506-3518.
Abubakar A, Uriyo J, Msuya SE, Swai M, Stray-Pedersen B. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(10):3506-3518.
Abubakar, Amina; Uriyo, Jacqueline; Msuya, Sia E.; Swai, Mark; Stray-Pedersen, Babill. 2012. "Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 10: 3506-3518.