Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Socio-Environmental Factors Associated with Self-Rated Oral Health in South Africa: A Multilevel Effects Model
Previous Article in Journal
A Coupling Kinetics Model for Pollutant Release and Transport in the Process of Landfill Settlement
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Smoking and Genotype on the PSR Index of Periodontal Disease in Adults Aged 18–49
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(10), 3454-3464; doi:10.3390/ijerph9103454
Article

Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals

1
, 2
, 3,* , 3
, 4
 and 5
1 Estacio de Sa College, Avenida Presidente Joao Goulart, 600, Cruzeiro do Sul, Juiz de Fora, MG 30130-900, Brazil 2 Department of Social and Child Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Rua José Lourenço Kelmer, Bairro São Pedro, Juiz de Fora, MG 36036-900, Brazil 3 Department of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Primeira Avenida, Setor Universitario, Goiania, GO 74605-220, Brazil 4 Department of Stomatological Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Primeira Avenida, Setor Universitario, Goiania, GO 74605-220, Brazil 5 Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Avenida Antonio Carlos, 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-901, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 August 2012 / Revised: 25 September 2012 / Accepted: 25 September 2012 / Published: 28 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Environmental Determinants of Oral Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [106 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]

Abstract

There is little information about health professionals’ behavior regarding oral health care during pregnancy. We evaluated attitudes of obstetricians/gynecologists, nurses, and dentists working at a public community service towards pregnant women’s oral health. Health professionals responded to a self-applied questionnaire. Cluster analysis identified two clusters of respondents; Chi-square, Student’s t test, and logistic regression were used to compare the two clusters in terms of the independent variables. Respondents were categorized into cluster 1 ‘less favorable’ (n = 159) and cluster 2 ‘more favorable’ (n = 124) attitudes. Professionals that had attended a residency or specialization program (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.15–3.77, p = 0.016) and worked exclusively at the public service (OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.10–4.20, p = 0.025) presented more favorable attitudes. Obstetricians/gynecologists (OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.09–0.54, p = 0.001) and nurses (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.29–0.86, p = 0.013) showed less favorable attitudes than dentists. Health care providers’ attitudes regarding pregnant women’s oral health were related to their occupation, qualification, and dedication to the public service.
Keywords: attitudes; health personnel; oral health; pregnancy attitudes; health personnel; oral health; pregnancy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Alves, R.T.; Ribeiro, R.A.; Costa, L.R.; Leles, C.R.; Freire, M.C.M.; Paiva, S.M. Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3454-3464.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert