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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(10), 3454-3464; doi:10.3390/ijerph9103454
Article

Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals

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Received: 6 August 2012; in revised form: 25 September 2012 / Accepted: 25 September 2012 / Published: 28 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and Environmental Determinants of Oral Health)
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Abstract: There is little information about health professionals’ behavior regarding oral health care during pregnancy. We evaluated attitudes of obstetricians/gynecologists, nurses, and dentists working at a public community service towards pregnant women’s oral health. Health professionals responded to a self-applied questionnaire. Cluster analysis identified two clusters of respondents; Chi-square, Student’s t test, and logistic regression were used to compare the two clusters in terms of the independent variables. Respondents were categorized into cluster 1 ‘less favorable’ (n = 159) and cluster 2 ‘more favorable’ (n = 124) attitudes. Professionals that had attended a residency or specialization program (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.15–3.77, p = 0.016) and worked exclusively at the public service (OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.10–4.20, p = 0.025) presented more favorable attitudes. Obstetricians/gynecologists (OR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.09–0.54, p = 0.001) and nurses (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.29–0.86, p = 0.013) showed less favorable attitudes than dentists. Health care providers’ attitudes regarding pregnant women’s oral health were related to their occupation, qualification, and dedication to the public service.
Keywords: attitudes; health personnel; oral health; pregnancy attitudes; health personnel; oral health; pregnancy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves, R.T.; Ribeiro, R.A.; Costa, L.R.; Leles, C.R.; Freire, M.C.M.; Paiva, S.M. Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3454-3464.

AMA Style

Alves RT, Ribeiro RA, Costa LR, Leles CR, Freire MCM, Paiva SM. Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(10):3454-3464.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alves, Renata Toledo; Ribeiro, Rosangela Almeida; Costa, Luciane Rezende; Leles, Claudio Rodrigues; Freire, Maria do Carmo Matias; Paiva, Saul Martins. 2012. "Oral Care during Pregnancy: Attitudes of Brazilian Public Health Professionals." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 10: 3454-3464.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert