Implications of Trauma among Male and Female Offenders
ExcerptCriminal behaviour is believed to arise from a multiplicity of factors, including unemployment and poverty [1,2], low self-control , psychological issues [4,5], early conduct problems , childhood physical and sexual abuse disorder , and social bonding in child- and adulthood . Social-structural influences like family conflict/disruption, financial resources, child-parent and school/peer attachment and abuse and neglect in childhood have lasting impressions, leading to multiple problems including delinquency and later criminal activity, substance use/abuse, mental illness and poor self-rated health [8-12]. The consequences of such behaviour include financial losses, injury, and death that together have significant personal and societal costs. Society also bears the burden of incarcerating and rehabilitating offenders; a burden that is not trivial. Direct costs of imprisonment in Canada approach $3.5 billion annually; in the US the cost is substantially higher, approaching $74 billion . [...]
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Matheson, F.I. Implications of Trauma among Male and Female Offenders. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 97-99.
Matheson FI. Implications of Trauma among Male and Female Offenders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(1):97-99.Chicago/Turabian Style
Matheson, Flora I. 2012. "Implications of Trauma among Male and Female Offenders." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 1: 97-99.