Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(1), 100-109; doi:10.3390/ijerph9010100
Article

Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly

1 Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Zip Code 31270.901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil 2 Department of Operative Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Zip Code 31270.901, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 October 2011; in revised form: 3 December 2011 / Accepted: 15 December 2011 / Published: 4 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract: This study aimed was to test the association between quality of life and edentulism among elderly individuals in a city in southeastern Brazil. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 163 individuals aged 60 years or older, functionally independent and non-institutionalized. Data were collected with a questionnaire and oral examination. The edentulism was the dependent variable. The independent variables were sex, age, household income and quality of life (WHOQOL-Old) and their scores. To assess the association between the dependent variable and independent variables was used bivariate analysis (p < 0.10). Poisson regression model was performed, adjusting for age and sex. The average age of participants was 69 years (± 6.1), 68.7% were female and 52.8% were diagnosed as completely edentulous (90% CI: 0.33–1.24). When the independent variables were associated to the prevalence of edentulism, statistically significant associations were found for age (p = 0.03) and social participation dimension of the WHOQOL-Old (p = 0.08). In the Poisson regression, social participation remained statistically associated to edentulism {RP = 2.12 [90% CI (1.10–4.00)]}. The social participation proved to have a significant association to edentulism, thereby attesting to the negative effect of this condition on social aspects.
Keywords: aged; health of the elderly; oral health; quality of life; dentistry; dental care for aged

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodrigues, S.M.; Oliveira, A.C.; Vargas, A.M.D.; Moreira, A.N.; Ferreira, E.F. Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 100-109.

AMA Style

Rodrigues SM, Oliveira AC, Vargas AMD, Moreira AN, Ferreira EF. Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2012; 9(1):100-109.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodrigues, Suely Maria; Oliveira, Ana Cristina; Vargas, Andréa Maria Duarte; Moreira, Allyson Nogueira; Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e. 2012. "Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 9, no. 1: 100-109.

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