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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(1), 100-109; doi:10.3390/ijerph9010100

Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly

1,* , 1
Received: 19 October 2011 / Revised: 3 December 2011 / Accepted: 15 December 2011 / Published: 4 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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This study aimed was to test the association between quality of life and edentulism among elderly individuals in a city in southeastern Brazil. This cross-sectional study was carried out with 163 individuals aged 60 years or older, functionally independent and non-institutionalized. Data were collected with a questionnaire and oral examination. The edentulism was the dependent variable. The independent variables were sex, age, household income and quality of life (WHOQOL-Old) and their scores. To assess the association between the dependent variable and independent variables was used bivariate analysis (p < 0.10). Poisson regression model was performed, adjusting for age and sex. The average age of participants was 69 years (± 6.1), 68.7% were female and 52.8% were diagnosed as completely edentulous (90% CI: 0.33–1.24). When the independent variables were associated to the prevalence of edentulism, statistically significant associations were found for age (p = 0.03) and social participation dimension of the WHOQOL-Old (p = 0.08). In the Poisson regression, social participation remained statistically associated to edentulism {RP = 2.12 [90% CI (1.10–4.00)]}. The social participation proved to have a significant association to edentulism, thereby attesting to the negative effect of this condition on social aspects.
Keywords: aged; health of the elderly; oral health; quality of life; dentistry; dental care for aged aged; health of the elderly;  oral health;  quality of life; dentistry; dental care for aged
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Rodrigues, S.M.; Oliveira, A.C.; Vargas, A.M.D.; Moreira, A.N.; Ferreira, E.F. Implications of Edentulism on Quality of Life among Elderly. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 100-109.

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