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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(7), 2895-2906; doi:10.3390/ijerph8072895
Review

Alcohol Consumption and Oxidative DNA Damage

Received: 1 June 2011; in revised form: 5 July 2011 / Accepted: 6 July 2011 / Published: 14 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract: To examine the effects of alcohol consumption on cancer risk, we measured oxidative DNA damage and its repair activity in the livers and esophagi of rats fed with ethanol. Using our previously designed protocol for feeding rats with a high concentration of ethanol, we examined the effects of ethanol consumption on 8-oxo-Gua generation and repair activity in the livers and esophagi of rats. We found that a high concentration of ethanol accompanied with a vitamin-depleted diet increased 8-oxo-Gua and its repair activity. 8-Oxo-Gua is known to induce point mutations, leading to carcinogenesis. Therefore, these results suggested that a high concentration of ethanol and an irregular diet increased liver and esophageal cancer risk. On the other hand, we showed that a low concentration of ethanol decreased 8-oxo-Gua and its repair activity in the livers of mice treated with a carcinogen. Taken together, the effects of ethanol consumption on cancer risk depend on the ethanol concentration and the diet pattern.
Keywords: alcohol; 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine; 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1; reactive oxygen species; vitamin-depleted diet alcohol; 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine; 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1; reactive oxygen species; vitamin-depleted diet
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hirano, T. Alcohol Consumption and Oxidative DNA Damage. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2895-2906.

AMA Style

Hirano T. Alcohol Consumption and Oxidative DNA Damage. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(7):2895-2906.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hirano, Takeshi. 2011. "Alcohol Consumption and Oxidative DNA Damage." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 7: 2895-2906.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert