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Work and High-Risk Alcohol Consumption in the Canadian Workforce
School of Industrial Relations, University of Montreal, CP 6128 succ Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, H3C 3J7, Canada
Public Health Research Institute, University of Montreal, CP 6128 succ Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, H3C 3J7, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 May 2011; in revised form: 15 June 2011 / Accepted: 23 June 2011 / Published: 29 June 2011
Abstract: This study examined the associations between occupational groups; work-organization conditions based on task design; demands, social relations, and gratifications; and weekly high-risk alcohol consumption among Canadian workers. A secondary data analysis was performed on Cycle 2.1 of the Canadian Community Health Survey conducted by Statistics Canada in 2003. The sample consisted of 76,136 employees 15 years of age and older nested in 2,451 neighbourhoods. High-risk alcohol consumption is defined in accordance with Canadian guidelines for weekly low-risk alcohol consumption. The prevalence of weekly high-risk alcohol consumption is estimated to be 8.1% among workers. The results obtained using multilevel logistic regression analysis suggest that increased work hours and job insecurity are associated with elevated odds of high-risk alcohol consumption. Gender female, older age, being in couple and living with children associated with lower odds of high-risk drinking, while increased education, smoking, physical activities, and, and economic status were associated with higher odds. High-risk drinking varied between neighbourhoods, and gender moderates the contribution of physical demands. The results suggest that work made a limited contribution and non-work factors a greater contribution to weekly high-risk alcohol consumption. Limits and implications of these results are discussed.
Keywords: alcohol misuse; occupational groups; work-organization conditions; multilevel models; longitudinal design
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Marchand, A.; Parent-Lamarche, A.; Blanc, M.-È. Work and High-Risk Alcohol Consumption in the Canadian Workforce. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2692-2705.
Marchand A, Parent-Lamarche A, Blanc M-È. Work and High-Risk Alcohol Consumption in the Canadian Workforce. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(7):2692-2705.
Marchand, Alain; Parent-Lamarche, Annick; Blanc, Marie-Ève. 2011. "Work and High-Risk Alcohol Consumption in the Canadian Workforce." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 7: 2692-2705.