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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(7), 2629-2639; doi:10.3390/ijerph8072629
Article

Prevalence of Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Urban Hospital Outpatients in South Africa

1,* , 2,3
 and 1
1 Department of Health System Management and Policy, University of Limpopo, Ga-Rankuwa Campus, Medunsa, 0204, Pretoria, South Africa 2 HIV/AIDS/SIT/and TB (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa 3 Department of Psychology, University of Limpopo, Turfloof Campus, Sovenga, 0727, Limpopo, South Africa
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2011 / Revised: 21 June 2011 / Accepted: 22 June 2011 / Published: 28 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of alcohol use and associated factors among outpatients in an urban hospital in South Africa. The sample included 1,532 (56.4% men and women 43.6%) consecutively selected patients from different hospital outpatient departments. Results indicate that 41.2% of men and 18.3% of women were found to be hazardous drinkers, and 3.6% of men and 1.4% of women meet criteria for probable alcohol dependence or harmful drinking as defined by the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT). Two in five patients (40.5%) were hazardous or harmful drinkers and/or had anxiety or depression. Logistic multiple regression found that for men tobacco use and not having been diagnosed with diabetes and for women tobacco use and having been diagnosed with migraine headache was associated with hazardous and harmful drinking. Although the study is cross-sectional, it does identify groups that may be at high risk of alcohol misuse and for whom intervention is urgent. Because prevalence of hazardous and harmful alcohol use is high in this population, routine screening should be introduced in hospital out-patient settings.
Keywords: alcohol misuse; tobacco use; associated factors; hospital out-patients; South Africa alcohol misuse; tobacco use; associated factors; hospital out-patients; South Africa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pengpid, S.; Peltzer, K.; Heever, H.V. Prevalence of Alcohol Use and Associated Factors in Urban Hospital Outpatients in South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2629-2639.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert