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Soil Resources Area Affects Herbivore Health
Department of Biology, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39269, USA
Biostatistical Support Unit, Department of Biology, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39217, USA
Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks, 1505 Eastover Drive, Jackson, MS 39211, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2010; in revised form: 30 December 2010 / Accepted: 31 December 2010 / Published: 23 June 2011
Abstract: Soil productivity effects nutritive quality of food plants, growth of humans and animals, and reproductive health of domestic animals. Game-range surveys sometimes poorly explained variations in wildlife populations, but classification of survey data by major soil types improved effectiveness. Our study evaluates possible health effects of lower condition and reproductive rates for wild populations of Odocoileus virginianus Zimmerman (white-tailed deer) in some physiographic regions of Mississippi. We analyzed condition and reproductive data for 2400 female deer from the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks herd health evaluations from 1991–1998. We evaluated age, body mass (Mass), kidney mass, kidney fat mass, number of corpora lutea (CL) and fetuses, as well as fetal ages. Region affected kidney fat index (KFI), which is a body condition index, and numbers of fetuses of adults (P ≤ 0.001). Region affected numbers of CL of adults (P ≤ 0.002). Mass and conception date (CD) were affected (P ≤ 0.001) by region which interacted significantly with age for Mass (P ≤ 0.001) and CD (P < 0.04). Soil region appears to be a major factor influencing physical characteristics of female deer.
Keywords: body mass; corpora lutea; fetus; kidney fat index; Mississippi; Odocoileus virginianus; physiographic region; soil productivity; white-tailed deer
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MDPI and ACS Style
Garner, J.A.; Ahmad, H.A.; Dacus, C.M. Soil Resources Area Affects Herbivore Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2556-2564.
Garner JA, Ahmad HA, Dacus CM. Soil Resources Area Affects Herbivore Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(6):2556-2564.
Garner, James A.; Ahmad, H. Anwar; Dacus, Chad M. 2011. "Soil Resources Area Affects Herbivore Health." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 6: 2556-2564.