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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(5), 1707-1726; doi:10.3390/ijerph8051707
Article

Comparing Distributions of Environmental Outcomes for Regulatory Environmental Justice Analysis

 and
*
National Center for Environmental Economics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW (MC 1809T), Washington, DC 20460, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 April 2011 / Revised: 10 May 2011 / Accepted: 12 May 2011 / Published: 24 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Environmental Justice)
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Abstract

Economists have long been interested in measuring distributional impacts of policy interventions. As environmental justice (EJ) emerged as an ethical issue in the 1970s, the academic literature has provided statistical analyses of the incidence and causes of various environmental outcomes as they relate to race, income, and other demographic variables. In the context of regulatory impacts, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding what information is relevant for EJ analysis, and how best to present it. This paper helps frame the discussion by suggesting a set of questions fundamental to regulatory EJ analysis, reviewing past approaches to quantifying distributional equity, and discussing the potential for adapting existing tools to the regulatory context.
Keywords: environmental justice; regulatory impact analysis; distributional analysis; equity; inequality index environmental justice; regulatory impact analysis; distributional analysis; equity; inequality index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Maguire, K.; Sheriff, G. Comparing Distributions of Environmental Outcomes for Regulatory Environmental Justice Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 1707-1726.

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