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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(5), 1358-1367; doi:10.3390/ijerph8051358

Source Reduction Behavior as an Independent Measurement of the Impact of a Public Health Education Campaign in an Integrated Vector Management Program for the Asian Tiger Mosquito

1
Center for Vector Biology, Rutgers University, 180 Jones Avenue, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
2
Department of Entomology, Rutgers University, 96 Lipman Drive, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
3
Monmouth County Mosquito Extermination Commission, P.O. Box 162, Eatontown, NJ 07724, USA
4
Mercer County Mosquito Control, 300 Scotch Road, West Trenton, NJ 08628, USA
5
Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), 1600 SW 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
6
Office of National Programs, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 February 2011 / Revised: 19 April 2011 / Accepted: 26 April 2011 / Published: 3 May 2011
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Abstract

The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a public health educational campaign to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. Three communities each, within two New Jersey counties, were randomly selected to receive: (1) both education and mosquito control, (2) education only, and (3) no education or mosquito control. Four separate educational events included a 5-day elementary school curriculum in the spring, and three door to door distributions of educational brochures. Before and after each educational event, the numbers of mosquito-larval container habitats were counted in 50 randomly selected homes per study area. Container surveys allowed us to measure source reduction behavior. Although we saw reductions in container habitats in sites receiving education, they were not significantly different from the control. Our results suggest that traditional passive means of public education, which were often considered the gold standard for mosquito control programs, are not sufficient to motivate residents to reduce backyard mosquito-larval habitats. View Full-Text
Keywords: Asian tiger mosquito; Aedes albopictus; public health education; source reduction Asian tiger mosquito; Aedes albopictus; public health education; source reduction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bartlett-Healy, K.; Hamilton, G.; Healy, S.; Crepeau, T.; Unlu, I.; Farajollahi, A.; Fonseca, D.; Gaugler, R.; Clark, G.G.; Strickman, D. Source Reduction Behavior as an Independent Measurement of the Impact of a Public Health Education Campaign in an Integrated Vector Management Program for the Asian Tiger Mosquito. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 1358-1367.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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