Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(4), 1150-1173; doi:10.3390/ijerph8041150
Article

The Public Health Impact of Coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California

1,* email, 1email, 2email, 2email, 2email, 2email, 2email, 3email, 3email, 3email and 4email
Received: 24 February 2011; in revised form: 12 April 2011 / Accepted: 13 April 2011 / Published: 15 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Public Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The numbers of reported cases of coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California have risen dramatically over the past decade, with a 97.8% and 91.1% increase in incidence rates from 2001 to 2006 in the two states, respectively. Of those cases with reported race/ethnicity information, Black/African Americans in Arizona and Hispanics and African/Americans in California experienced a disproportionately higher frequency of disease compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Lack of early diagnosis continues to be a problem, particularly in suspect community-acquired pneumonia, underscoring the need for more rapid and sensitive tests. Similarly, the inability of currently available therapeutics to reduce the duration and morbidity of this disease underscores the need for improved therapeutics and a preventive vaccine.
Keywords: coccidioidomycosis; community-acquired pneumonia; diagnostics; azoles; vaccine
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [662 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 19 June 2014 02:50 CEST]
The original version is still available [662 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 02:50 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Hector, R.F.; Rutherford, G.W.; Tsang, C.A.; Erhart, L.M.; McCotter, O.; Anderson, S.M.; Komatsu, K.; Tabnak, F.; Vugia, D.J.; Yang, Y.; Galgiani, J.N. The Public Health Impact of Coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 1150-1173.

AMA Style

Hector RF, Rutherford GW, Tsang CA, Erhart LM, McCotter O, Anderson SM, Komatsu K, Tabnak F, Vugia DJ, Yang Y, Galgiani JN. The Public Health Impact of Coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(4):1150-1173.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hector, Richard F.; Rutherford, George W.; Tsang, Clarisse A.; Erhart, Laura M.; McCotter, Orion; Anderson, Shoana M.; Komatsu, Kenneth; Tabnak, Farzaneh; Vugia, Duc J.; Yang, Ying; Galgiani, John N. 2011. "The Public Health Impact of Coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 4: 1150-1173.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert