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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(9), 3442-3456; doi:10.3390/ijerph7093442
Article

Mineral Composition of Organically Grown Wheat Genotypes: Contribution to Daily Minerals Intake

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Received: 16 July 2010; in revised form: 1 September 2010 / Accepted: 2 September 2010 / Published: 6 September 2010
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Abstract: In this study, 321 winter and spring wheat genotypes were analysed for twelve nutritionally important minerals (B, Cu, Fe, Se, Mg, Zn, Ca, Mn, Mo, P, S and K). Some of the genotypes used were from multiple locations and years, resulting in a total number of 493 samples. Investigated genotypes were divided into six genotype groups i.e., selections, old landraces, primitive wheat, spelt, old cultivars and cultivars. For some of the investigated minerals higher concentrations were observed in selections, primitive wheat, and old cultivars as compared to more modern wheat material, e.g., cultivars and spelt wheat. Location was found to have a significant effect on mineral concentration for all genotype groups, although for primitive wheat, genotype had a higher impact than location. Spring wheat was observed to have significantly higher values for B, Cu, Fe, Zn, Ca, S and K as compared to winter wheat. Higher levels of several minerals were observed in the present study, as compared to previous studies carried out in inorganic systems, indicating that organic conditions with suitable genotypes may enhance mineral concentration in wheat grain. This study also showed that a very high mineral concentration, close to daily requirements, can be produced by growing specific primitive wheat genotypes in an organic farming system. Thus, by selecting genotypes for further breeding, nutritional value of the wheat flour for human consumption can be improved.
Keywords: organic genotypes; minerals; locations; spring and winter wheat; concentrations; food requirements organic genotypes; minerals; locations; spring and winter wheat; concentrations; food requirements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hussain, A.; Larsson, H.; Kuktaite, R.; Johansson, E. Mineral Composition of Organically Grown Wheat Genotypes: Contribution to Daily Minerals Intake. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3442-3456.

AMA Style

Hussain A, Larsson H, Kuktaite R, Johansson E. Mineral Composition of Organically Grown Wheat Genotypes: Contribution to Daily Minerals Intake. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(9):3442-3456.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hussain, Abrar; Larsson, Hans; Kuktaite, Ramune; Johansson, Eva. 2010. "Mineral Composition of Organically Grown Wheat Genotypes: Contribution to Daily Minerals Intake." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 9: 3442-3456.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert