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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(9), 3382-3405; doi:10.3390/ijerph7093382
Article

Aircraft Noise and Quality of Life around Frankfurt Airport

1,* , 2
, 3
, 1
 and 4
1 ZEUS GmbH, Sennbrink 46, 58093 Hagen, Germany 2 Hörzentrum Oldenburg GmbH, Marie-Curie-Str. 2, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany 3 Department of Psychology, University Hamburg, Von-Melle-Park 5, 20146 Hamburg, Germany 4 Institute of Hygiene and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Friedrichstr. 16, D-35392 Giessen, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 July 2010 / Revised: 26 August 2010 / Accepted: 26 August 2010 / Published: 31 August 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noise and Quality of Life)
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Abstract

In a survey of 2,312 residents living near Frankfurt Airport aircraft noise annoyance and disturbances as well as environmental (EQoL) and health-related quality of life (HQoL) were assessed and compared with data on exposure due to aircraft, road traffic, and railway noise. Results indicate higher noise annoyance than predicted from general exposure-response curves. Beside aircraft sound levels source-related attitudes were associated with reactions to aircraft noise. Furthermore, aircraft noise affected EQoL in general, although to a much smaller extent. HQoL was associated with aircraft noise annoyance, noise sensitivity and partly with aircraft noise exposure, in particular in the subgroup of multimorbid residents. The results suggest a recursive relationship between noise and health, yet this cannot be tested in cross-sectional studies. Longitudinal studies would be recommendable to get more insight in the causal paths underlying the noise-health relationship.
Keywords: aircraft noise; annoyance; disturbance; non-acoustical factors; noise sensitivity; environment; health; quality of life; stress theory; HQoL; EQoL aircraft noise; annoyance; disturbance; non-acoustical factors; noise sensitivity; environment; health; quality of life; stress theory; HQoL; EQoL
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schreckenberg, D.; Meis, M.; Kahl, C.; Peschel, C.; Eikmann, T. Aircraft Noise and Quality of Life around Frankfurt Airport. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 3382-3405.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert