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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(7), 2965-2977; doi:10.3390/ijerph7072965
Article

Climate Change and Mortality in Vienna—A Human Biometeorological Analysis Based on Regional Climate Modeling

1,* , 1
 and 2
Received: 10 June 2010; in revised form: 8 July 2010 / Accepted: 9 July 2010 / Published: 21 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health Impacts and Adaptation)
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Abstract: The potential development of heat-related mortality in the 21th century for Vienna (Austria) was assessed by the use of two regional climate models based on the IPCC emissions scenarios A1B and B1. Heat stress was described with the human-biometeorological index PET (Physiologically Equivalent Temperature). Based on the relation between heat stress and mortality in 1970–2007, we developed two approaches to estimate the increases with and without long-term adaptation. Until 2011–2040 no significant changes will take place compared to 1970–2000, but in the following decades heat-related mortality could increase up to 129% until the end of the century, if no adaptation takes place. The strongest increase occurred due to extreme heat stress (PET ≥ 41 °C). With long-term adaptation the increase is less pronounced, but still notable. This encourages the requirement for additional adaptation measurements.
Keywords: mortality; physiologically equivalent temperature; regional modeling; climate change; heat stress; Vienna mortality; physiologically equivalent temperature; regional modeling; climate change; heat stress; Vienna
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Muthers, S.; Matzarakis, A.; Koch, E. Climate Change and Mortality in Vienna—A Human Biometeorological Analysis Based on Regional Climate Modeling. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2965-2977.

AMA Style

Muthers S, Matzarakis A, Koch E. Climate Change and Mortality in Vienna—A Human Biometeorological Analysis Based on Regional Climate Modeling. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(7):2965-2977.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muthers, Stefan; Matzarakis, Andreas; Koch, Elisabeth. 2010. "Climate Change and Mortality in Vienna—A Human Biometeorological Analysis Based on Regional Climate Modeling." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 7: 2965-2977.


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