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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(7), 2940-2952; doi:10.3390/ijerph7072940
Review

Situational Analysis of Household Energy and Biomass Use and Associated Health Burden of Indoor Air Pollution and Mitigation Efforts in Pakistan

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Received: 10 June 2010; in revised form: 30 June 2010 / Accepted: 12 July 2010 / Published: 20 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Pollution and Human Health)
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Abstract: Biomass fuel burning leads to high levels of suspended particulate matter and hazardous chemicals in the indoor environment in countries where it is in common use, contributing significantly to indoor air pollution (IAP). A situational analysis of household energy and biomass use and associated health effects of IAP was conducted by reviewing published and un-published literature about the situation in Pakistan. In addition to attempt to quantify the burden of ill health due to IAP, this paper also appraises the mitigation measures undertaken to avert the problem in Pakistan. Unfortunately, IAP is still not a recognized environmental hazard in Pakistan and there are no policies and standards to control it at the household level. Only a few original studies related to health effects of IAP have been conducted, mainly on women’s health and birth outcome, and only a few governmental, non-governmental and academic institutions are working to improve the IAP situation by introducing improved stoves and renewable energy technology at a small scale. Control of IAP health hazards in Pakistan requires an initial meeting of the stakeholders to define a policy and an action agenda. Simultaneously, studies gathering evidence of impact of intervention through available technologies such as improved stoves would have favorable impact on the health, especially of women and children in Pakistan.
Keywords: Indoor air pollution (IAP); Pakistan; health impact of IAP; control efforts for IAP Indoor air pollution (IAP); Pakistan; health impact of IAP; control efforts for IAP
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fatmi, Z.; Rahman, A.; Kazi, A.; Kadir, M.M.; Sathiakumar, N. Situational Analysis of Household Energy and Biomass Use and Associated Health Burden of Indoor Air Pollution and Mitigation Efforts in Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2940-2952.

AMA Style

Fatmi Z, Rahman A, Kazi A, Kadir MM, Sathiakumar N. Situational Analysis of Household Energy and Biomass Use and Associated Health Burden of Indoor Air Pollution and Mitigation Efforts in Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(7):2940-2952.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fatmi, Zafar; Rahman, Asma; Kazi, Ambreen; Kadir, M. Masood; Sathiakumar, Nalini. 2010. "Situational Analysis of Household Energy and Biomass Use and Associated Health Burden of Indoor Air Pollution and Mitigation Efforts in Pakistan." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 7: 2940-2952.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert