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Satellite Derived Forest Phenology and Its Relation with Nephropathia Epidemica in Belgium
Biosystems Department, M3-BIORES, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Willem de Croylaan 34, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
Laboratory of Clinical Virology, Hantavirus Reference Center, Rega Institute, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Minderbroederstraat 10, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
Department of Experimental Laboratory Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium
Scientific Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology, Juliette Wytsmanstraat 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 May 2010 / Accepted: 7 June 2010 / Published: 9 June 2010
Abstract: The connection between nephropathia epidemica (NE) and vegetation dynamics has been emphasized in recent studies. Changing climate has been suggested as a triggering factor of recently observed epidemiologic peaks in reported NE cases. We have investigated whether there is a connection between the NE occurrence pattern in Belgium and specific trends in remotely sensed phenology parameters of broad-leaved forests. The analysis of time series of the MODIS Enhanced Vegetation Index revealed that changes in forest phenology, considered in literature as an effect of climate change, may affect the mechanics of NE transmission.
Keywords: nephropathia epidemica; hantavirus; forest phenology; remote sensing; bank vole
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Barrios, J.M.; Verstraeten, W.W.; Maes, P.; Clement, J.; Aerts, J.-M.; Haredasht, S.A.; Wambacq, J.; Lagrou, K.; Ducoffre, G.; Ranst, M.V.; Berckmans, D.; Coppin, P. Satellite Derived Forest Phenology and Its Relation with Nephropathia Epidemica in Belgium. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2486-2500.
Barrios JM, Verstraeten WW, Maes P, Clement J, Aerts J-M, Haredasht SA, Wambacq J, Lagrou K, Ducoffre G, Ranst MV, Berckmans D, Coppin P. Satellite Derived Forest Phenology and Its Relation with Nephropathia Epidemica in Belgium. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(6):2486-2500.
Barrios, José Miguel; Verstraeten, Willem W.; Maes, Piet; Clement, Jan; Aerts, Jean-Marie; Haredasht, Sara Amirpour; Wambacq, Julie; Lagrou, Katrien; Ducoffre, Geneviève; Ranst, Marc Van; Berckmans, Daniel; Coppin, Pol. 2010. "Satellite Derived Forest Phenology and Its Relation with Nephropathia Epidemica in Belgium." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 6: 2486-2500.