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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(5), 2362-2375; doi:10.3390/ijerph7052362
Review

The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature

1,* , 2
,
3
 and
4
1 General Children’s Hospital of Athens «Panagiotis & Aglaia Kyriakou», Thivon & Livadias Str, GR 11523, Athens, Greece 2 Coronary Care Unit University Hospital of Athens “Attikon”, 1 Rimini Str, GR 12462, Athens, Greece 3 Faculty of Medicine, National & Kapodestrian University of Athens, Mikras Asias Str, GR 11523, Athens, Greece 4 Faculty of Nursing, National & Kapodestrian University of Athens, 123 Papadiamantopoulou Str, GR 11523, Athens, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 January 2010 / Revised: 6 April 2010 / Accepted: 16 April 2010 / Published: 11 May 2010
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to provide a summary of the existing published knowledge on the possible relationship between the workplace as a stressor factor and nurses’ tobacco use. A systematic review of the literature from 1995 to 2009, using the MEDLINE database took place. Studies, that referred to nurses’ smoking habit exclusively or as a part of the study, were included in the review. 491 studies were retrieved and their titles/abstracts were examined systematically. Twenty one studies were retrieved for further consideration by a comprehensive literature review. Ten studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria and they were examined further. There is a conflict on the possible relationship between workplace as a stressor factor and nurses’ smoking habits, because there is no evidence on if the nurses’ work environment causes smoking initiation.
Keywords: smoking; nurses; workplace; job stress; tobacco use smoking; nurses; workplace; job stress; tobacco use
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Perdikaris, P.; Kletsiou, E.; Gymnopoulou, E.; Matziou, V. The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2362-2375.

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