Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(5), 2362-2375; doi:10.3390/ijerph7052362
Review

The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature

1,* email, 2email, 3email and 4email
Received: 26 January 2010; in revised form: 6 April 2010 / Accepted: 16 April 2010 / Published: 11 May 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to provide a summary of the existing published knowledge on the possible relationship between the workplace as a stressor factor and nurses’ tobacco use. A systematic review of the literature from 1995 to 2009, using the MEDLINE database took place. Studies, that referred to nurses’ smoking habit exclusively or as a part of the study, were included in the review. 491 studies were retrieved and their titles/abstracts were examined systematically. Twenty one studies were retrieved for further consideration by a comprehensive literature review. Ten studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria and they were examined further. There is a conflict on the possible relationship between workplace as a stressor factor and nurses’ smoking habits, because there is no evidence on if the nurses’ work environment causes smoking initiation.
Keywords: smoking; nurses; workplace; job stress; tobacco use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Perdikaris, P.; Kletsiou, E.; Gymnopoulou, E.; Matziou, V. The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2362-2375.

AMA Style

Perdikaris P, Kletsiou E, Gymnopoulou E, Matziou V. The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(5):2362-2375.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Perdikaris, Pantelis; Kletsiou, Eleni; Gymnopoulou, Elpida; Matziou, Vasiliki. 2010. "The Relationship between Workplace, Job Stress and Nurses’ Tobacco Use: A Review of the Literature." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 5: 2362-2375.

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