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Trends in Body Mass Index among Icelandic Adolescents and Young Adults from 1992 to 2007
Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
Icelandic Centre for Social Research and Analysis, School of Health and Education, Reykjavik University, Ofanleiti 2, 103 Reykjavík, Iceland
Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 February 2010; in revised form: 27 April 2010 / Accepted: 28 April 2010 / Published: 4 May 2010
Abstract: Trends in body mass index (BMI) among 51,889 14- to 20-year-old Icelandic adolescents and young adults were examined using data from cross-sectional population surveys conducted from 1992 to 2007. Prevalence of overweight increased for both genders in all age groups, except for 14- and 20-year-old girls. Obesity prevalence increased among boys in all age groups, except for 16-year-olds, and among 15- and 20-year-old girls. The largest increase in obesity rates among both genders was found in the oldest age group. Moreover, not only has the prevalence of obesity increased, but also the extent of obesity has grown more severe among 15- and 17-year-olds boys and among girls in the oldest age group.
Keywords: adolescents; body mass index; Iceland; obesity; overweight; prevalence
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Eiðsdóttir, S.Þ.; Kristjánsson, Á.L.; Sigfúsdóttir, I.D.; Garber, C.E.; Allegrante, J.P. Trends in Body Mass Index among Icelandic Adolescents and Young Adults from 1992 to 2007. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 2191-2207.
Eiðsdóttir SÞ, Kristjánsson ÁL, Sigfúsdóttir ID, Garber CE, Allegrante JP. Trends in Body Mass Index among Icelandic Adolescents and Young Adults from 1992 to 2007. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(5):2191-2207.
Eiðsdóttir, Sigríður Þ.; Kristjánsson, Álfgeir L.; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga D.; Garber, Carol E.; Allegrante, John P. 2010. "Trends in Body Mass Index among Icelandic Adolescents and Young Adults from 1992 to 2007." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 5: 2191-2207.