Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(4), 1807-1830; doi:10.3390/ijerph7041807

The Heart Failure Epidemic

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine and the Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Received: 1 March 2010; in revised form: 14 April 2010 / Accepted: 14 April 2010 / Published: 19 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
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Abstract: Heart failure has been singled out as an emerging epidemic, which could be the result of increased incidence and/or increased survival leading to increased prevalence. Knowledge of the responsibility of each factor in the genesis of the epidemic is crucial for prevention. Population-based studies have shown that, over time, the incidence of heart failure remained overall stable, while survival improved. Therefore, the heart failure epidemic is chiefly one of hospitalizations. Data on temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of heart failure according to ejection fraction and how it may have changed over time are needed while interventions should focus on reducing the burden of hospitalizations in hear failure.
Keywords: epidemiology; heart failure; population studies

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MDPI and ACS Style

Roger, V.L. The Heart Failure Epidemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1807-1830.

AMA Style

Roger VL. The Heart Failure Epidemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(4):1807-1830.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roger, Véronique L. 2010. "The Heart Failure Epidemic." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 4: 1807-1830.

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