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Probabilistic Approaches to Better Quantifying the Results of Epidemiologic Studies
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(4), 1807-1830; doi:10.3390/ijerph7041807
Review

The Heart Failure Epidemic

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine and the Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Received: 1 March 2010 / Revised: 14 April 2010 / Accepted: 14 April 2010 / Published: 19 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
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Abstract

Heart failure has been singled out as an emerging epidemic, which could be the result of increased incidence and/or increased survival leading to increased prevalence. Knowledge of the responsibility of each factor in the genesis of the epidemic is crucial for prevention. Population-based studies have shown that, over time, the incidence of heart failure remained overall stable, while survival improved. Therefore, the heart failure epidemic is chiefly one of hospitalizations. Data on temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of heart failure according to ejection fraction and how it may have changed over time are needed while interventions should focus on reducing the burden of hospitalizations in hear failure.
Keywords: epidemiology; heart failure; population studies epidemiology; heart failure; population studies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Roger, V.L. The Heart Failure Epidemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1807-1830.

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