Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(3), 991-1001; doi:10.3390/ijerph7030991
Review

Effectiveness of Public Health Interventions in Reducing Morbidity and Mortality during Heat Episodes: a Structured Review

1,* email and 2email
Received: 29 December 2009; in revised form: 12 February 2010 / Accepted: 13 February 2010 / Published: 10 March 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Increasing concern over the impact of hot weather on health has fostered the development of public health interventions to reduce heat-related health impacts. However, evidence of the effectiveness of such interventions is rarely cited for justification. Our objective was to review peer-reviewed and grey literature evaluating interventions aimed at reducing morbidity and/or mortality in populations during hot weather episodes. Among studies considering public risk perceptions, most respondents were aware when an extreme heat episode was occurring but did not necessarily change their practices, primarily due to a lack of self-perception as vulnerable and confusion about the appropriate actions to be taken. Among studies of health outcomes during and following heat episodes, studies were suggestive of positive impacts in reducing morbidity and mortality. While the limited evaluative work to date suggests a positive impact of public health interventions, concern persists about whether the most vulnerable groups, like the elderly and homeless, are being adequately reached.
Keywords: heat stress disorders; interventions; environment; morbidity; mortality; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bassil, K.L.; Cole, D.C. Effectiveness of Public Health Interventions in Reducing Morbidity and Mortality during Heat Episodes: a Structured Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 991-1001.

AMA Style

Bassil KL, Cole DC. Effectiveness of Public Health Interventions in Reducing Morbidity and Mortality during Heat Episodes: a Structured Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(3):991-1001.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bassil, Kate L.; Cole, Donald C. 2010. "Effectiveness of Public Health Interventions in Reducing Morbidity and Mortality during Heat Episodes: a Structured Review." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 3: 991-1001.

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