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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(8), 2113-2138; doi:10.3390/ijerph6082113
Article

A Qualitative Study of the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Agricultural Households in Southeastern Uganda

1,* , 2
 and
3
1 School of Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada 2 Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, 4400 University Dr. Fairfax, VA 22030, USA 3 Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, 4400 University Dr. Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 June 2009 / Accepted: 22 July 2009 / Published: 29 July 2009
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Abstract

The HIV/AIDS pandemic threatens economic, social, and environmental sustainability throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reports on a qualitative study exploring interrelationships between HIV/AIDS, labor availability, agricultural productivity, household resources, food consumption, and health status in rural southeastern Uganda. Respondents reported an increase in widow-and-orphan-headed households; labor shortages due to illness and caretaking; degradation of household resources from health-related expenses; loss of land tenure and assets following deaths, especially for widows and orphans; and changes in agricultural practices and productivity. Our study highlights a potential downward spiral of livelihood degradation for vulnerable households and suggests targeted interventions to improve sustainability.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS; agriculture; food security; sustainability HIV/AIDS; agriculture; food security; sustainability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Parker, D.C.; Jacobsen, K.H.; Komwa, M.K. A Qualitative Study of the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Agricultural Households in Southeastern Uganda. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2113-2138.

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