Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(7), 1991-2006; doi:10.3390/ijerph6071991
Article

Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption and Hazardous Drinking, Tobacco and Drug Use in Urban Tanzania, and Their Associated Risk Factors

1 Director for Mental Health, Ministry of Health, Tanzania 2 Director, WHO Collaborating Centre (Mental Health), Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK 3 Director of Policy & Research, UK Drug Policy Commission; UK 4 Research worker, WHO Collaborating Centre (Mental Health), Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, UK
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2009; Accepted: 9 July 2009 / Published: 16 July 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract: Evidence suggests substance abuse in Tanzania is a growing public health problem. A random sample of 899 adults aged 15-59 in two urban sites of differing levels of poverty surveyed alcohol, tobacco and illicit substance use. Rates of substance use were 17.2%. 8.7% and 0.8% for alcohol, tobacco and cannabis, respectively. Living in the less affluent area was associated with higher lifetime rates of tobacco and alcohol use. Substance use is less prevalent in Tanzania than in richer countries, but lifetime consumption is higher in poorer areas. The association of substance use with a range of socio-economic factors warrants further research.
Keywords: alcohol; substance use; Tanzania

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mbatia, J.; Jenkins, R.; Singleton, N.; White, B. Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption and Hazardous Drinking, Tobacco and Drug Use in Urban Tanzania, and Their Associated Risk Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1991-2006.

AMA Style

Mbatia J, Jenkins R, Singleton N, White B. Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption and Hazardous Drinking, Tobacco and Drug Use in Urban Tanzania, and Their Associated Risk Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(7):1991-2006.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mbatia, Joseph; Jenkins, Rachel; Singleton, Nicola; White, Bethany. 2009. "Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption and Hazardous Drinking, Tobacco and Drug Use in Urban Tanzania, and Their Associated Risk Factors." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 7: 1991-2006.

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