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The Potential Impact on Farmer Health of Enhanced Export Horticultural Trade between the U.K. and Uganda
School of the Environment and Natural Resources, Deiniol Road, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 2UW, U.K.
Centre for Economics and Policy in Health, Institute of Medical and Social Care Research, Dean Street Building, Bangor University, Bangor, Gwynedd LL57 1UT, U.K.
Department of Forest Biology and Ecosystems Management, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2009; Accepted: 21 April 2009 / Published: 28 April 2009
Abstract: The export of vegetables from African countries to European markets presents consumers with an ethical dilemma: should they support local, but relatively well-off farmers, or poorer farmers from distant countries? This paper considers the issue of farm worker health in the U.K. and Uganda, and considers the dilemma facing U.K. consumers if Uganda achieves their aim of exporting more vegetables to the U.K. Self-reported health scores of 1,200 farm workers in the U.K. and Uganda were measured with the internationally recognised SF-36 questionnaire and compared to an international population norm. The age-corrected health status of U.K. farm workers was significantly lower than the population norm, whereas Ugandans scored significantly higher (indicating good health) for physical health and lower for mental health. If Ugandan produce enters U.K. markets, then consumers may wish to consider both the potential benefits that enhanced trade could offer Ugandan farmers compared with its impacts on U.K. workers.
Keywords: Health; malaria; migrant; vegetable production; Europe; Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style
Cross, P.; Edwards, R.T.; Nyeko, P.; Edwards-Jones, G. The Potential Impact on Farmer Health of Enhanced Export Horticultural Trade between the U.K. and Uganda. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1539-1556.
Cross P, Edwards RT, Nyeko P, Edwards-Jones G. The Potential Impact on Farmer Health of Enhanced Export Horticultural Trade between the U.K. and Uganda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(5):1539-1556.
Cross, Paul; Edwards, Rhiannon T.; Nyeko, Philip; Edwards-Jones, Gareth. 2009. "The Potential Impact on Farmer Health of Enhanced Export Horticultural Trade between the U.K. and Uganda." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 5: 1539-1556.