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The Built Environment and Health: Introducing Individual Space-Time Behavior
Centre for the Built Environment and Health, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, M707, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009, Australia
Institute of Island Culture, Mokpo National University, 61 Dorim-Ri, Cheonggye-Myeon, Muan-Gun, Jeonnam 534-729, Korea
Urban Planning Group, Department of Architecture, Building and Planning, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 March 2009; Accepted: 19 May 2009 / Published: 26 May 2009
Abstract: Many studies have examined the relationship between the built environment and health. Yet, the question of how and why the environment influences health behavior remains largely unexplored. As health promotion interventions work through the individuals in a targeted population, an explicit understanding of individual behavior is required to formulate and evaluate intervention strategies. Bringing in concepts from various fields, this paper proposes the use of an activity-based modeling approach for understanding and predicting, from the bottom up, how individuals interact with their environment and each other in space and time, and how their behaviors aggregate to population-level health outcomes.
Keywords: built environment; overweight and obesity; individual-based modeling; space-time behavior; activity patterns; health impact assessment
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Saarloos, D.; Kim, J.-E.; Timmermans, H. The Built Environment and Health: Introducing Individual Space-Time Behavior. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1724-1743.
Saarloos D, Kim J-E, Timmermans H. The Built Environment and Health: Introducing Individual Space-Time Behavior. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(6):1724-1743.
Saarloos, Dick; Kim, Jae-Eun; Timmermans, Harry. 2009. "The Built Environment and Health: Introducing Individual Space-Time Behavior." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 6: 1724-1743.