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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(12), 3205-3224; doi:10.3390/ijerph6123205
Article

Externalities from Alcohol Consumption in the 2005 US National Alcohol Survey: Implications for Policy

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Received: 19 October 2009 / Accepted: 5 December 2009 / Published: 11 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Research on Alcohol: Public Health Perspectives)
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Abstract

A subsample (n = 2,550) of the 2005 US National Alcohol Survey of adults was used to estimate prevalence and correlates of six externalities from alcohol abuse—family problems, assaults, accompanying intoxicated driver, vehicular accident, financial problems and vandalized property—all from another‘s drinking. On a lifetime basis, 60% reported externalities, with a lower 12-month rate (9%). Women reported more family/marital and financial impacts and men more assaults, accompanying drunk drivers, and accidents. Being unmarried, older, white and ever having monthly heavy drinking or alcohol problems was associated with more alcohol externalities. Publicizing external costs of drinking could elevate political will for effective alcohol controls.
Keywords: externalities; alcohol consumption; heavy drinking; population survey; impact; policy; economics; cost; environment; US externalities; alcohol consumption; heavy drinking; population survey; impact; policy; economics; cost; environment; US
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Greenfield, T.K.; Ye, Y.; Kerr, W.; Bond, J.; Rehm, J.; Giesbrecht, N. Externalities from Alcohol Consumption in the 2005 US National Alcohol Survey: Implications for Policy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 3205-3224.

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