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Katrina and the Thai Tsunami - Water Quality and Public Health Aspects Mitigation and Research Needs
School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
Received: 18 September 2008; Accepted: 5 December 2008 / Published: 31 December 2008
Abstract: The South East Asian Tsunami in Thailand and Hurricane Katrina in the United States were natural disasters of different origin but of similar destruction and response. Both disasters exhibited synonymous health outcomes and similar structural damage from large surges of water, waves, and flooding. A systematic discussion and comparison of the disasters in Thailand and the Gulf Coast considers both calamities to be similar types of disaster in different coastal locations. Thus valuable comparisons can be made for improvements in response, preparedness and mitigation. Research needs are discussed and recommendations made regarding potential methologies. Recommendations are made to: (1) improve disaster response time in terms of needs assessments for public health and environmental data collection; (2) develop an access-oriented data sharing policy; and (3) prioritize natural geomorphic structures such as barrier islands, mangroves, and wetlands to help reduce the scale of future natural disasters. Based on the experiences gained opportunities to enhance disaster preparedness through research are presented.
Keywords: Hurricane Katrina; tsunami; disaster preparedness; research needs; and lessons learned
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MDPI and ACS Style
Englande, A.J., Jr. Katrina and the Thai Tsunami - Water Quality and Public Health Aspects Mitigation and Research Needs. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2008, 5, 384-393.
Englande AJ, Jr. Katrina and the Thai Tsunami - Water Quality and Public Health Aspects Mitigation and Research Needs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2008; 5(5):384-393.
Englande, A. J., Jr. 2008. "Katrina and the Thai Tsunami - Water Quality and Public Health Aspects Mitigation and Research Needs." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 5, no. 5: 384-393.