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Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel using homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania
Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, Yokohama National University 79-7 Tokiwadai, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-8501, Japan
Tokai University School of Health Sciences, Bohseidai Isehara Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2006; Accepted: 16 March 2007 / Published: 31 March 2007
Abstract: Respiratory Diseases are public health concern worldwide. The diseases have been associated with air pollution especially indoor air pollution from biomass fuel burning in developing countries. However, researches on pollution levels and on association of respiratory diseases with biomass fuel pollution are limited. A study was therefore undertaken to characterize the levels of pollutants in biomass fuel using homes and examine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) disease in Nianjema village in Bagamoyo, Tanzania. Pollution was assessed by measuring PM10, NO2, and CO concentrations in kitchen, living room and outdoors. ARI prevalence was assessed by use of questionnaire which gathered health information for all family members under the study. Results showed that PM10, NO2, and CO concentrations were highest in the kitchen and lowest outdoors. Kitchen concentrations were highest in the kitchen located in the living room for all pollutants except CO. Family size didn’t have effect on the levels measured in kitchens. Overall ARI prevalence for cooks and children under age 5 making up the exposed group was 54.67% with odds ratio (OR) of 5.5; 95% CI 3.6 to 8.5 when compared with unexposed men and non-regular women cooks. Results of this study suggest an association between respiratory diseases and exposure to domestic biomass fuel smoke, but further studies with improved design are needed to confirm the association.
Keywords: Biomass fuels; kitchen; cooking; pollution; acute respiratory infections
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kilabuko, J.H.; Matsuki, H.; Nakai, S. Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel using homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2007, 4, 39-44.
Kilabuko JH, Matsuki H, Nakai S. Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel using homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2007; 4(1):39-44.
Kilabuko, James H.; Matsuki, Hidieki; Nakai, Satoshi. 2007. "Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel using homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 4, no. 1: 39-44.