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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1779; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081779

Compositional Analysis of the Associations between 24-h Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators among Adults and Older Adults from the Canadian Health Measure Survey

1
Institute for Applied Health Research, School of Health and Life Science, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, Scotland, UK
2
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, JCMB, The King’s Buildings, Peter Guthrie Tait Road, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, Scotland, UK.
3
Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, 1-151 Van Vliet Complex, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H9, Canada
4
Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada
5
Department of Movement and Sport Science, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 10 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact of 24-Hour Movement Behaviour and Time Use)
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Abstract

This study investigated the association between the allocation of time-use over the 24-h day between sleep, sedentary behaviour (SB), light-intensity physical activity (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA)) and health indicators. A cross-sectional analysis of Canadian Health Measures Survey data was undertaken using compositional data analysis. SB, LPA and MVPA were derived from Actical accelerometers, whilst sleep was self-reported by respondents. The analysis was stratified by age; adults (aged 18–64 years; n = 6322) and older adults (65–79 years; n = 1454). For adults, beneficial associations were observed between larger proportions of MVPA relative to time in other behaviours and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, aerobic fitness, resting heart rate, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose and insulin levels. More time spent in sleep relative to other movement behaviours was deleteriously associated with aerobic fitness, HDL cholesterol, insulin, C-reactive proteins and grip strength but beneficially with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Relative time spent in LPA was deleteriously associated with BMI and beneficially with triglycerides and grip strength. In older adults, these associations were blunted or disappeared but larger proportions of MVPA were associated with better mental health. The importance to health of MVPA when explicitly considered relative to other movement behaviours was confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageing; time use; sleep; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; compositional data analysis ageing; time use; sleep; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; compositional data analysis
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McGregor, D.E.; Carson, V.; Palarea-Albaladejo, J.; Dall, P.M.; Tremblay, M.S.; Chastin, S.F.M. Compositional Analysis of the Associations between 24-h Movement Behaviours and Health Indicators among Adults and Older Adults from the Canadian Health Measure Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1779.

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