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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 382; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020382

Prevalence and Gender-Specific Influencing Factors of Hypertension among Chinese Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study in Nanchang, China

1
Jiangxi Province Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China
2
School of Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, China
3
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 23 February 2018
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Abstract

Hypertension has become the leading cause of death worldwide; data on hypertension among Nanchang adults are sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and gender-specific influencing factors of hypertension in adults in Nanchang, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 2722 Chinese residents aged 18 years and above between May and September 2016, with a response rate of 92.4% (2516/2722). A stratified cluster sampling method was adopted in this study. Data on prevalence and influencing factors were obtained from a standard questionnaire and physical measurements. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to analyze the influencing factors. The age-standardized prevalence was 19.8% (18.2–21.3) (male: 19.5% (18.0–21.1); female, 20.01% (18.5–21.6)). Factors positively associated with hypertension prevalence were past smoking, diabetes mellitus (DM), and overweight and obesity in both genders. Abdominal obesity and family history of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) were risk factors only in males; sleeping time and consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits were related to the prevalence of hypertension only in females. These findings will form the baseline information for the development of more effective approaches to enhance current prevention and control management of hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypertension; influencing factors; prevalence; gender-specific; China hypertension; influencing factors; prevalence; gender-specific; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhou, H.; Wang, K.; Zhou, X.; Ruan, S.; Gan, S.; Cheng, S.; Lu, Y. Prevalence and Gender-Specific Influencing Factors of Hypertension among Chinese Adults: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study in Nanchang, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 382.

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